Birth control And Pregnancy

Birth Control And Pregnancy

Any method of preventing pregnancy is referred to as birth control. Contraceptives, IUDs, birth control pills, vasectomy, the rhythm methods are all methods of birth control.

It allows people to decide when they want to have a child.

There is a wide range of birth control options and treatment options for men and women to help prevent unwanted pregnancies.

Some methods are more trustworthy than others. The effectiveness of birth control is frequently determined by how carefully it is applied. 

How does birth control work?

Birth control methods can work in a variety of ways:

  • By restricting sperm from reaching the eggs. Condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and contraceptive sponges are some examples.
  • By preventing the woman’s ovaries from producing eggs that could be fertilized.
  • IUDs are uterine devices that are implanted. It can be placed in place for an extended period.
  • Sterilization is a procedure that indefinitely prevents a woman or a man from being pregnant.

Several factors should influence your choice of birth control method. It involves your health, the number of sexual partners you have, the frequency of your sexual activity, and your willingness to have kids in the future. Your doctor can advise you on the best method of birth control for you.

Types of birth control

Various types of birth control are available to prevent unwanted pregnancies

Barrier Birth Control

This birth control as the name implies forms a barrier to prevent sperm from reaching an egg. The majority of them are available without a prescription at pharmacies. Which you can also at any online birth control pharmacies. Male condoms are both dependable and inexpensive. Latex condoms are an excellent choice. They are more durable than “natural” or “lambskin” condoms and maybe more effective against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

The male condom is approximately 80% effective when used as directed. It prevents pregnancy 98 percent of the time if used perfectly every time. A female condom is a thin flexible tube that is implanted partly into the vaginal canal to form a barrier. Female condoms may also be beneficial in the fight against STDs. Female condoms are approximately 80% effective.

Other forms of birth control are effective at preventing pregnancy, but they do not protect you against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). 

Another non-prescription option is the sponge. It’s a small piece of spermicide-treated foam that you insert high up in your vagina. It is between 68 and 84 percent effective. Spermicides (gels, foams, and creams) can also be used connectively with other forms of birth control or on their own. They’re only about 70% effective on their own.

Some options, such as the diaphragm, cervical cap, and cervical shield, are only available by prescription. They’re rubber or silicone barriers that you insert deep into your vagina. They have a 90% success rate in avoiding pregnancy.

IUDs (Intrauterine Devices) (Intrauterine Devices)

This birth control is a small, plastic device that will be inserted into your uterus by a doctor or nurse. The procedure is simple and quick, albeit somewhat uncomfortable. Once in place, the IUD will keep you from becoming pregnant for a long time.

Hormonal IUDs have a lifespan of 3-5 years, depending on the type. The copper-T version, which uses copper, a natural sperm-killer, has a shelf life of up to ten years. IUDs are nearly 100% effective at preventing pregnancy. 

Hormonal Contraception

Birth control pills, insertable vaginal rings, shots, stick-on patches, and implants are examples of hormonal contraception. You will need a doctor’s recommendation to use them.

They use hormones similar to those found in your body to prevent an egg from being fertilized by sperm.

Its effectiveness is determined by how well you use it. Most people do not use any method flawlessly all of the time. Things take place!

If you use hormonal birth control as per instructions then it can be 90% effective. However, when used correctly all of the time, it prevents pregnancy 99 percent of the time. The implant is also nearly 100 percent effective. 

People who use oral contraceptives rarely ovulate. Ovulation occurs approximately two weeks before the start of the next period during a usual 28-day menstrual cycle.

If you decide to use a birth control pill, consult your doctor to determine how long you should use another form of birth control until it takes effect. 

Vaginal Contraception

Vaginal contraception is inserted into the vagina before sex to establish an unsafe place for sperm, stopping it from meeting the egg for fertilization. These are available in various forms, including foam, jelly, tablet, cream, suppository, and dissolvable film.

Spermicides are chemicals that kill sperm. They are available over the counter and are 70-80% effective. They are more effective when used in conjunction with a condom or diaphragm.

During sex, the PH level of the vagina rises to allow sperm to move towards the reproductive canal. This gel maintains the vaginal PH at its normally acidic level, killing the sperm. It is thought to be 90-93 percent effective and requires a prescription. 

Emergency Contraception 

It is not a usual method of birth control. It’s intended to be used after unprotected sex or if your condom breaks. It can prevent pregnancy up to 3 to 5 days later, but the sooner you take it, the better.

The majority of emergency contraception products are so-called “morning after” pills, but the copper-T IUD also works as emergency contraception. If you want an IUD, you must have it placed by a nurse or doctor within 5 days of having sex. The much more efficient method of emergency contraception is the copper IUD. When it comes to emergency contraception, women who are overweight or obese should consider the copper T IUD, as research shows that emergency contraception pills lose their effectiveness for them. 

Birth control pills can also be used as emergency contraception, but you must take multiple pills at once to avoid becoming pregnant. This method works, but it is less effective and has a higher risk of causing nausea than levonorgestrel. Birth control pills can only be obtained with a prescription from a doctor. Consult your doctor or nurse to ensure that you are taking the right pills and dosage.

What is the cause of birth control failure?

Specific medical conditions or behaviors can increase the probability that your birth control will be useless at preventing unwanted pregnancies.

If you are unable to remember to take your pill at the same time every day, you increase your chances of becoming pregnant. Birth control pills are intended to keep your body’s hormone levels stable. Hormone levels can quickly drop if you skip or miss a dose. It may cause you to ovulate depending on where you are in your cycle. Ovulation can significantly raise your chances of becoming pregnant.

Inadequate alcohol consumption can also lead to birth control failure. Some women may forget to take their pills at the proper time while under the influence. If you vomit immediately after taking your pill, your body may be unable to absorb any of the hormones.  

Do birth control pills cause birth defects if used during the first trimester of pregnancy?

Using birth control pills during the first trimester of pregnancy does not appear to increase the risk of birth defects.

Although some research has indicated a connection between the use of birth control pills near conception and an elevated chance of congenital urinary tract anomalies, low birth weight, or preterm birth these concerns have yet to be confirmed in medical practice.

Take a home pregnancy test as a precaution if you suspect you’re pregnant. If the home pregnancy test comes back positive, discontinue the use of the pill. If a home pregnancy test is not possible, discontinue the use of the birth control pill until the pregnancy has been confirmed or ruled out. Use another method of birth control, such as condoms, in the meantime.

If you’re concerned because you used birth control pills before discovering you were pregnant then consult with a doctor.

Other Methods of Preventing Pregnancy

The following methods of pregnancy prevention do not necessitate the use of any physical or medical materials.

Abstinence – Sexual abstinence is defined as avoiding all forms of sexual activity and genital contact, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex. This method is the only one that is 100 percent effective in preventing pregnancy by preventing the exchange of bodily fluids (such as vaginal secretions and semen).

Natural Planned Parenthood and Fertility Understanding – Fertility awareness-based methods (FABM) assist women and couples in becoming more aware of the signs of and the menstrual cycle pattern to understand how to plan a sexual activity to either prevent pregnancy or become pregnant. 

Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) – LAM is a type of natural birth control in which the new mother feeds her newborn only breastmilk for up to six months while experiencing no periods or spotting.

Withdrawal – Before ejaculating, a man pulls the penis out of the partner’s vagina and away from the partner’s genitals. It prevents fertilization by preventing semen from entering the vagina, preventing sperm from reaching the egg.

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