Human bones are strong enough formations, but even they can break. When some pressure is applied to the bone, it begins to bend, showing elastic properties. If the pressure is too great and occurs in a short time, then it may break.
We know from childhood that fractures heal on their own. One has only to fix the damaged part of the body for a while. But how does the healing process proceed? So to explain the process, we’ll be talking about the broken bone healing burning sensation and how long it takes to heal.
What is a bone fracture?
Before we proceed to picture the question of how much time a bone takes to heal after a fracture, it is quite basic to specify what a fracture is itself.
In humans, broken bone healing burning sensation is the strongest and the most sturdy connective tissue. In case of any little deformation, it can break.
Fracture is a perfunctory automative process that can stimulate some serious biological reactions, such as bone reabsorption and swell at the fracture site, depending on the blood vessels present at the fracture site.
If we notice that there is a small number of blood vessels and little muscle tissue at the fracture site, then the bone grows together poorly and slowly after the fracture.
Nature of a fracture.
The fracture may be of a different nature. Currently, the following types of fracture are distinguished:
- Bone breakage into two separate pieces, a complete fracture.
- A partial fracture where not the entire bone experiences a violation of integrity.
- Fracture takes place in only one place; individual fractures.
- Comminuted fracture. The bone breaks in numerous places and the fracture become sharp.
- Some fractures occur only in children, such as an arcuate fracture in which the broken bone healing burning sensation does not break but bends in half.
- Open fracture. The broken bone healing burning sensation part breaks the body’s soft connective tissues (muscles, skin) and bulges to the surface.
Bone restoration and fragment reunification.
The reunification of bone fragments consists of the following stages:
1. Inflammation and formation of a hematoma.
This phase lasts up to two weeks. It begins instantly after the injury and lasts for several days. There are blood vessels in the medullary canal. Vessels in the bone that rupture during a fracture. As a result of their damage, blood flows out of them, solidifies, and forms a hematoma.
This is the key to starting the healing process. It promotes the migration of leukocytes, which are involved in tissue regeneration.
At this stage, it is important to fix the bone fragments of the victim. In “simple” cases, this is done with the help of an external orthosis – plaster, polymer bandages, and fixators.
An osteosynthesis operation is performed if the bone fragments cannot be fixed in the correct position without direct access to the fracture site. It is the “assembly” of a bone or joint with the help of fixing structures installed directly on the damaged bone and its fragments.
2. Formation of bone marrow and soft corn,
This stage takes six weeks of duration. Over time, the edema decreases, and the hematoma is replaced by granulation tissue, which promotes regeneration. Approximately 2-3 weeks after the fracture, a callus forms. It connects bone fragments.
The hematoma creates a suitable environment for the maturation of soft callus. It is built from threads of connective tissue and new tiny vessels.
3. Hard callus and successful bone regeneration.
This phase runs up to 12 weeks. At first, the corn is soft but slowly hardens. Gradually, the soft callus is filled with the main building cells of bone tissue – osteoblasts. The density and hardness of the connective tissue increase and its threads are woven tighter.
This stage lasts for several months. The bone gradually takes its original shape, and blood circulation improves in the damaged area.
Factors affecting regeneration rate.
Bone healing is a complex process. The rate of regeneration depends on many factors:
- General Health
- The presence of diseases in the musculoskeletal system
- Patient’s age
- Type of fracture and bone
- Lifestyle and bad habits
- Fractures and other injuries in the past
- Patient nutrition
- Treatment methods
On average, the bones fuse in 6-8 weeks after the fracture.
What promotes healing?
- Immobilization of the injured limb. It is necessary to abandon physical activity for the period of treatment.
- Proper nutrition. Enrich your diet with foods rich in vitamins and minerals needed for bone health.
- Exercises. Once the bone has fully healed, the doctor will develop an exercise program to restore strength, endurance, and balance.
People with diabetes need to monitor their condition. Elevated blood sugar negatively affects bone formation.
What can interfere with healing?
- Elderly age. As we age, bone tissue becomes more fragile and regenerates more slowly.
- Smoking and alcohol. These factors slow down the process of bone formation. Nicotine also constricts blood vessels. As a result, the blood does not supply enough useful elements to the damaged limb.
- Chronic diseases. Diabetes, hormonal disorders, and cardiovascular diseases can adversely affect the regeneration process.
What happens when the fracture does not heal?
Unfortunately, some fractures do not heal without additional medical attention. According to statistics, the number of such injuries reaches 10%.
The risk group includes people over 55 years of age, suffering from diabetes and taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. And, of course, the owners of various degenerative and dystrophic diseases of the skeletal system (osteoporosis, arthritis, arthrosis, etc.)
The direct reasons that the bone does not grow together may be:
- Violations in the process of bone tissue regeneration
- Insufficient formation of edema and hematoma
- Weak growth of new vessels
- Connective tissue does not mature
Depending on these reasons, adequate treatment is selected. However, the first step is osteosynthesis. With the help of surgical intervention, the correct and denser arrangement of the fragments is set. If necessary, additional bone tissue is taken from a healthy bone.
A fracture is a fairly common injury, but its treatment should be taken seriously. All of these recommendations are quite simple. However, they allow you to speed up blood circulation in the area of damage, significantly reducing the recovery time and helping speed up healing.